onnov PVDF vs PowderCoating
The main surface treatment of aluminum profiles used exterior is polyester powder coating. The material is affected by factors such as light, temperature, and humidity in the atmosphere, and the surface coating will have natural aging phenomena such as fading, powdering, foaming and shedding, which affects the service life. Ordinary outdoor powder coatings are available in a 5-year warranty, and some painters can guarantee a 10-year warranty.
However, for buildings in hot and humid areas, the biggest weakness of the powder coating is that it is afraid of the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. Long-term exposure will cause natural fading. The color difference between the sunny and non-positive sides of the aluminum plate is obvious after a few years. Generally, the color difference is obvious after 2-5 years. At the same time, salt spray in the offshore area can cause strong corrosion on the coating surface.
There’s test on PVDF coatings, super durable powder coatings and exterior powder coatings. The coated samples were placed in the hot sun of Florida, USA, and exposed to the harsh environment of humid salty air for 12 years. The test result proves that the stability and durability of PVDF coatings are 30-80% higher than the other two coatings. PVDF coatings are guaranteed to be used in a variety of harsh environments.
In order to ensure the coating performance, three AAMA specifications should be referenced: AAMA2603, AAMA2604, and AAMA2605. These three specifications apply to progressively stronger levels as indicated by South Florida outdoor exposure and laboratory accelerated testing results as shown below.
|AAMA Specifications – Organic Coatings on Aluminum|
|Expose Time||1 year, South Florida||5 year, South Florida||10 year, South Florida|
|Chalk resistance||1 year: “slight” chalk||5 yrs: Chalk < 8||10 yrs: Chalk < 8|
|Color Retention||1 year: “slight” fade||5 yrs: Fade ≤ 5 Delta E||10 yrs: Fade ≤ 5 Delta E|
|Gloss Retention||1 year: “slight” fade||5 yrs: ≥ 30% retention||10 yrs: ≥ 50% retention|
|Erosion Resistance||No specification||5 yrs: < 10% loss||10 yrs: < 10% loss|
|Humidity||1,500 hours||3,000 hours||4,000 hours|
|Salt Spray||1,500 hours||3,000 hours||N/A|
Generally a common exterior powder coating can meet AAMA2603, an improved super durable powder coating can meet AAMA2604, and PVDF coating can meet AAMA2605. It can be seen that PVDF coating has excellent anti-fading, anti-blooming, anti-air pollution (acid rain, etc.) corrosion resistance, strong UV resistance, strong crack resistance and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions. In addition to the abrasion resistance in terms of mechanical properties, impact resistance has excellent performance, especially in harsh weather and environment, showing long-term anti-fade and anti-ultraviolet properties. The coating manufacturer’s guarantee for the service life of PVDF coating is 20-30 years.